Diamond: How to distinguish a real stone from a fake?
A diamond is a diamond cut in a special way. Diamond jewelry is considered a luxury, style, and high status. This stellar, shiny stone has long been one of the most popular, popular, and precious stones on the planet.
But despite its high-profile status and unquenchable desire to find this jewel, not everyone knows how to choose the right diamond and not fall for the fake. Therefore, today we will try to understand all the intricacies and rules of choosing the real.
First, it should be noted that the assessment of diamond quality is carried out in 4 directions :
1. The weight of the diamond
Probably almost everyone has heard the word ” carat “. But not all of us know what it means. Thus, a carat is a unit of measurement of the weight of a precious stone. 1 C t (carat) is equated to 0.2 grams.
There are stones of different sizes. In jewelry, as a rule, diamonds range from 0.02 Ct ( ≈1.7 mm) to 4.00 Ct ( ≈10.4 mm). When choosing a stone for this parameter, everything depends only on the type of product inlaid, your personal preferences, and the amount you are willing to spend 🙂
Many believe that most diamonds are colorless, transparent. But this is not the case. In fact, completely colorless stones are quite rare and have a very high value. Basically, diamonds have some shade. Most often, it is barely noticeable to the eye of an ordinary person, not associated with jewelry, but well defined by professionals.
Conventionally, diamonds are divided into 2 groups by color :
1) With a yellow or brown tint (starting from almost transparent, with barely noticeable soft yellow overflows, stones, ending with specimens of a fairly rich color).
There are “reference” colors of diamonds. They are calculated according to the GIA scale. Its essence is that each shade (as it saturates) is assigned a letter (from D to Z).
The higher the transparency, the higher its rarity, value, and, accordingly, value.
2) Diamonds of so-called “fantasy” colors. These include stones of blue, red, green, blue, purple, pink, and other shades. Color saturation is also quite variable.
Of such colors are very rare in nature. Therefore, they have a fairly high value for jewelers and lovers of jewelry.
3. Cleanliness. The purity indicates the absence of internal or surface defects in the stone (which cannot be removed by polishing without losing the weight of the stone) or any impregnations. Many of these defects may be virtually invisible to the average person, but to the master jeweler, they are clearly visible with a magnifying glass or a special microscope.
And, of course, “pure”, in which there are no defects (which is very rare) are considered the most valuable and expensive.
4. Quality of faceting. This item includes maintaining the proportions and symmetry of the faces when processing the material and polishing the stone. Polishing the stone, namely its quality, is a very important aspect when choosing a stone. Its borders should be evenly smooth, glossy, without jags and roughnesses.
And the point concerning the cut of a diamond is quite controversial. As for one person any feature of any kind of cutting and deviation from the generally accepted “norm” can be a lack of a stone, and for another such imperfection can seem only a unique feature of this copy that will considerably increase value.
6 simple ways to distinguish a real stone from a fake
1. Just breathe on your pebble. A real diamond does not sweat and stays clean. If the stone becomes muddy for a few seconds – most likely, you have a fake.
2. Place upside down on any small text and try to read it through the stone. If you have the real in your hands – you will not succeed. Because thanks to the great refraction of light, the diamond not only pleases us with its unique iridescence and brilliance but also is able to distort the objects you look at through it.
3. The face connecting the upper and lower part of the diamond is a real stone that should be matte, not glass-transparent.
4. Squeeze the diamond in your hand. If the stone is real – it will NOT heat up quickly but will be cool for a while.
5. Take a piece of sandpaper and gently run it over the stone. If there are even the slightest traces left on it – you have a fake.
6. Pressing lightly, run the sharp edge on the glass surface. One of the hardest materials in the world, so a real stone will most likely at least leave a scratch on the glass.