Drones are the future of agriculture
New technologies do not bypass the most conservative industry – agriculture. According to forecasts of the international public organization Association for Unmanned Vehicle Systems International, the agricultural sector will soon become the largest consumer of drones – unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). It is believed that the agro-industrial complex uses about 80% of these devices. Australia is also gradually taking the path of dronizing the agrosphere.
Until recently, agriculture was the most traditional sector of the economy. Any innovations took root here slowly, technological cycles were too long. The development of today’s technologies will forever change our understanding of the agricultural sector. The most important technological phenomenon of our time has become the dronization of agriculture.
Drones improve the efficiency of monitoring the condition of fields and crops. Today it is carried out using manned aircraft, satellites, and even simple field traversal with instrumentation. This takes a lot of time and resources. The main problem with this approach is data systematization: a very laborious and long-term process. Thanks to drones, more information can be collected and processed much faster, which translates into increased profitability and improved yields. Moving to the use of it will save farmers from exhausting walks in the field with special measuring instruments, as well as help with collecting data on the state of crops at any time.
In addition, it will make it easier to apply other advanced technologies in agriculture. For example, they can be equipped with infrared cameras. This unique compatibility of drones with other innovative inventions makes the transition to precision farming easier and cheaper. They can also be easily used to protect crops from pests. For example, to add a Trichogramma. For an hour of work, one machine with great precision processes about four hectares. And drones equipped with ultrasonic scares can protect fields from birds and rodents.
Another – no less important – the advantage is their ability to make maps of fields, marking the territory. If you make the markings using aerial photography, the result will be much more accurate, and the amount of time spent will be reduced. The data obtained can be processed and used to create detailed electronic maps.
Agriculture can become a more profitable sector of the economy through the use of new technologies. Drones are even capable of compiling vegetation index maps. One of the main functions of drones is to collect data to create index images. This information reflects well the status of the crops and can help pinpoint exactly where the problem is. If territories are under threat due to floods or fires, the drones will promptly collect and provide information on which areas are at risk.
The construction of the drones is quite simple. In addition, special weather conditions are not required for their flights. The device moves exactly along the specified route, which allows maintaining high quality and productivity of work. Most drones run on battery power. Consequently, the devices do not pollute the environment with exhaust gases.
Soon, the Australian government may consider the widespread use of unmanned aerial vehicles in agriculture. According to experts, drones can be effectively used for irrigating the soil, photographing hard-to-reach areas, and extinguishing fires. Experts suggest using drones to irrigate fields and ensure safety – UAVs will be able to make spot photography, and soon even eliminate small fires or hard-to-reach foci.
In many countries around the world, drones are already being used to control the quality of plants. In Russia, this is still a novelty, but the first companies have already appeared that offer services such as flying around the sown areas, analyzing, and drawing up specific recommendations for caring for plants.
The use of drones is especially convenient for large fields, crops of grain, corn, sunflower.
Drones have great potential in terms of optimizing agricultural production. Their main advantage is in simplifying access to other technologies that will allow them to grow more and spend less not only for large agricultural holdings but also for farmers.
The drones market for agriculture is actively developing.
The main purpose of the UAV acquisition was to monitor crops. The production department and the security service needed them.