Floor Polishing: Features and different types of floors
Any floor covering overtime loses its strength and former beauty. It grows dull, becomes covered with cracks, begins to intensively absorb impurities. To renovate marble, granite, concrete, and wood floors, all you need to do is seek professional help. The employees of the cleaning or floor polishing company will grind and polish them as soon as possible.
The nuances of floor polishing a marble floor
Many people are interested in floor polishing the marble floor with the price because such a coating is used everywhere. It is very much appreciated because it is distinguished by its strength and beauty. The good thing about marble is that it is not only white but, mixed with a small number of other rocks, it acquires different fancy shades.
When grinding marble, in order to remove cracks that appear on it and give the material its original appearance, experts use special diamond wheels and grinding machines. The grinding process consists of several stages, and its features depend on the degree of damage to the coating.
Usually, during grinding, about 1 millimeter of stone is removed, but in the presence of large chips and cracks, up to 5 millimeters of material have to be removed. Any marble surfaces can be sanded:
- window sills;
- gender, etc.
Having floor polishing the marble to a shine, the specialists proceed to the next stage of work – the crystallization of the material. It is about floor polishing it using special chemical compounds. Entering into a chemical reaction with marble, they give it a more saturated color, increase the strength properties of the material. After the crystallization stage, it retains its beauty and natural color for many years is not negatively affected by moisture, and does not absorb dirt.
We add that polishing a marble floor takes a minimum of time from specialists, and it is almost impossible to cope with this task on your own without experience and special equipment.
How to tidy up your granite floor
Professional floor polishing made of granite is carried out after grinding. In fact, these processes are very similar, only they are carried out using different types of abrasives. Grinding allows you to remove potholes, scratches, and other coating defects.
Granite floors are harder than marble floors and therefore more difficult to sand. For this purpose, rotary diamond-coated machines are used. The granite floors were perfectly polished, the first thing to do is wet them with water. Then the surface is processed with a grinder. If there are chips in the granite, they are sealed with a stone of the same color and carefully sanded to give the material an identical look and eliminate the difference in height/thickness.
The final stage of work – floor polishing, the price of which is extremely low, is performed in the same way as grinding, only using fine abrasives, special pastes, and powders. These substances are needed in order to make the surface more durable.
It is not difficult to check the quality of the polished granite. Just look at it and you will understand everything – ideally, the material should acquire a mirror finish. But if you want, experts will make it matte.
Concrete grinding and polishing
Grinding and floor polishing of the concrete floor is carried out using diamond grinding machines. Long-poured concrete can be sanded at any time, and the newly-poured mortar must be allowed to stand for about 14 days to harden and become as strong as possible.
The concrete is leveled in two ways:
The first method is relevant when it comes to a surface with marble chips. As the name implies, wet sanding is carried out using water that moistens the floor. Dry sanding is suitable for leveling normal concrete. Doing it, professionals arm themselves with powerful industrial vacuum cleaners to collect dust.
According to the rules, floor polishing of self-leveling floors takes place in several stages. First, they are polished with diamond wheels with a grain size of 40, then – with a grain size of 400. At the end of the work, the concrete is polished with discs with a grain size of 1500-3000. So the material becomes perfectly even and acquires a mirror-like shine. To consolidate this effect, the floor is usually covered in several layers with polyurethane varnish.
It is widely believed that a concrete screed can be easily leveled and rubbed to a shine on your own using a grinder. But this is not the case. First, the grinder throws a lot of dust into the air. Secondly, it is small in size, which means that it does not allow making the floor surface perfectly flat.
Working with wood surfaces
To put in order a wooden floor, it is necessary to remove its top layer with a grinder. Since polishing wooden floors is a dusty process (in the literal sense of the word), the room needs to be prepared for work – to take out furniture, equipment, and all other things.
Floor scrapping is carried out using a special grinder, into which sandpaper of different grain sizes is filled. The first time they “pass” on the floor with sandpaper No. 40, then use paper No. 60, 80. The final chord is grinding the floor with sandpaper No. 100. However, before processing a wooden surface with it, it is important not to forget to putty the gaps between the boards or parquet.
When the wood surface is perfectly polished, it is varnished with a polyurethane or acrylic base. This composition makes the tree darker and more beautiful protects it from external influences. To modify the color of wood, experts treat it with wood stain.
Benefits of specialist assistance
Whatever type of floor you need to tidy up, returning it to its previous appearance, always contact a professional. Working with them will save you a lot of time and effort. Craftsmen have a wealth of experience, and therefore they do not make mistakes inherent in beginners. For a reasonable fee, they will come to your aid and will cope with the tasks in the shortest possible time. If circumstances require it, specialists are ready to work even on weekends and holidays.
Professional floor polishing will listen to all your wishes and will do it the way you want. And while they repair and floor polishing, you can go about your business without worrying about anything.